One need only glance at the numbers associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) to comprehend the need of HIV testing. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 1.2 million Americans currently host HIV and 50,000 Americans become infected annually. Of such, one-fifth don’t even realize what they’re carrying! It quickly becomes obvious that ตรวจสุขภาพก่อนเข้าทำงาน ตรวจอะไรบ้าง is important to correctly judge and react to this expanding problem. Informed citizens can proactively address HIV if it affects their lives, and-equally important-they can take preventative measures to protect the rest of the populace.
Which brings us to the enterprise of testing itself. At the moment, the CDC recommends routine testing for anyone aged 13 to 64. Eventually, they’d like to see HIV testing become part-and-parcel of the screening or health care encounter. Until then, it’s your choice to voluntarily contribute to their growing knowledge base and your own peace of mind. For your, you will need facts; specifically, you need information about it, a groundbreaking substitute for traditional testing methodology. With what ways, you ask? Let’s discover:
So how exactly does it work?
Most procedures, including rapid HIV testing, depend on antibody detection to figure out results. A sample (blood, plasma, oral fluid, and quite often urine) is collected and in contact with a prepared solution. If you can find any HIV-specific antibodies within the sample, the exam displays a good result. Both traditional and rapid HIV tests consistently perform with 99% accuracy, as well as a positive be a consequence of either requires additional verification, usually a different test including the Western Blot test.
Rapid? Instead of what?
Traditional HIV testing involves the Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA), a lengthy technique requiring a vein-derived blood sample and specialized laboratory equipment. These tests require two visits: anyone to administer pretest counseling and draw blood, as well as the second to deliver results and supply further counseling or referrals. The period in between the two visits can take anywhere from a couple of days to many weeks based on various delays in shipping, laboratory protocol, or retesting.
In contrast, rapid HIV tests are vastly easier. The whole procedure takes less than half an hour or so and needs only one visit, including counseling.
Do you know the other benefits?
Since most clients at STD clinics receive negative test results, millions of them can eliminate the requirement for a second visit if they choose rapid HIV testing. This saves the client and also the practitioner money and time. It’s also an unfortunate reality that many traditional HIV testing clients don’t return for test results in any way. Rapid HIV testing neatly solves this issue with same-day, on-site results. Furthermore, those persons who test HIV-positive through rapid testing can receive immediate counseling in order to avoid possible transmission when they wait for confirmed results.
What does this mean for clinics?
Rapid HIV testing is considerably cheaper, faster, and simpler for STD clinics to execute, meaning they can treat regional patients better as well as in greater numbers. As medical technology advances, this plays a part in an improved public thought of testing and furthers understanding of HIV infection and the requirement to combat it. It also supplies a wider number of secondary testing lcjhui to vet positive reactions and make certain maximum reliability and precision.
As being a final note, it should be remembered that the human body takes time to develop HIV antibodies-around 25 days, typically. An HIV-positive patient may thus get a false negative result if tested too soon. Counseling can help determine the best course of action for patients with new intimate relationships or other complicating factors.